By Felipe F. Salvosa II in Manila
MANILA (Asia Pacific Report/Pacific Media Watch): The top lawyer of the Philippine government has asked the Supreme Court to void the legislative franchise of ABS-CBN Corp., accusing the country’s largest media network of engaging in “highly abusive practices”.
Solicitor-General Jose Calida, who campaigned for President Rodrigo Duterte in 2016, used an unusual legal route – a quo warranto petition – sparking condemnation from media freedom defenders.
The same legal manoeuvre was successfully used by Calida to question the appointment of Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno, who was unseated by her fellow Supreme Court judges in 2018 for allegedly making incomplete disclosures of her wealth.
“We want to put an end to what we discovered to be highly abusive practices of ABS-CBN benefiting a greedy few at the expense of millions of its loyal subscribers. These practices have gone unnoticed or were disregarded for years,” Calida claimed in a statement yesterday.
Calida’s petition cites two grounds:
- ABS-CBN illegally operated a digital pay-per-view channel without securing a permit from the telecom regulators; and
- ABS-CBN had issued financial instruments known as “Philippine Depositary Receipts” (PDRs) to foreigners. PDRs have underlying equity or shares which entitle holders to dividends, but not ownership. (The government had earlier also sued the news website Rappler for allegedly violating the total ban on foreign ownership in mass media).
The state petition also claimed that an ABS-CBN subsidiary that offered mobile phone and digital TV services, ABS-CBN Convergence Inc., operated without congressional approval.
“The legislative franchises of ABS-CBN Corporation and its subsidiary, ABS-CBN Convergence, Inc. must be revoked,” said Calida.
“A franchise is a special privilege granted by the state, and should be restricted only to entities which faithfully adhere to our Constitution.”
The Latin term quo warranto means “by what warrant” and is defined by Rule 66 of the Philippine Rules of Civil Procedure as “an action for the usurpation of a public office, position or franchise.”
It is thus questionable whether the solicitor-general can question ABS-CBN’s franchise for alleged abuses committed after Congress gave it a valid franchise.
The petition was filed a month before ABS-CBN’s 25-year legislative franchise expires. Ten lawmakers have filed separate bills to renew the franchise, despite Duterte’s repeated threats to scrap it.
Duterte claims ABS-CBN refused to air a campaign advertisement that was his response to an attack ad sponsored by a staunch critic, ex-senator Antonio Trillanes IV, who has been charged with sedition.
In December, Duterte called ABS-CBN the mouthpiece of oligarchs and his political opponents, and told its owners, the Lopez family, to sell it.
This month, another Duterte target, the Zobel de Ayala family, was forced to sell part of Manila Water Co. after the president questioned its water concession deal.
‘Did not violate law’
ABS-CBN said in a statement: “We reiterate that everything we do is in accordance with the law. We did not violate the law. This case appears to be an attempt to deprive Filipinos of the services of ABS-CBN.”
The TV network said it had obtained the “necessary government and regulatory approvals,” and that its PDRs were approved by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Philippine Stock Exchange.
The National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP) condemned the petition.
“We must not allow the vindictiveness of one man, no matter how powerful, to run roughshod over the constitutionally guaranteed freedoms of the press and of expression, and the people’s right to know,” it said.
“This [Calida’s petition] proves without a doubt that this government is hellbent on using all its powers to shut down the broadcast network whose franchise renewal, now pending in Congress, President Rodrigo Duterte has personally vowed to block,” it added.
NUJP also criticised Calida for “boorish” behaviour. At the Supreme Court grounds, Calida took an ABS-CBN reporter, who was asking for a copy of the solicitor-general’s press release, to task for his critical reporting.
Calida told the reporter, Mike Navallo, a lawyer, to practise law instead and meet him in court. Navallo responded: “I was just doing my job.”
Rappler issued a statement backing ABS-CBN.
‘Pleasing his master’
“By bringing ABS-CBN to court, Solicitor-General Jose Calida reminded us of the reason he remains in his position despite his office’s miserable backlog: he has no qualms spending public funds to please his master,” the news website said.
“We reiterate that PDRs are financial instruments used by media entities to allow foreign investments without violating the constitutional rule that media companies should be 100 percent Filipino-owned. PDRs are a common, lawful practice, and their legality has been upheld by the [Supreme Court],” it said.
Critics have accused of Duterte singling out ABS-CBN, whose coverage of his bloody drug war he has often criticised.
In 2017, he signed a new 25-year franchise for ABS-CBN’s rival, GMA Network Inc. Last year, he allowed the legislative franchises of TV5 network, the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines and other broadcast outfits to lapse into law.
Under the Philippine constitution, a bill lapses into law if the president does not sign or veto it in 30 days.
Up to 11,000 jobs are at stake if ABS-CBN is closed.
Felipe F. Salvosa II is coordinator of the University of Santo Tomas journalism programme.